A Holistic Study on Demographic, Sociocultural and Healthcare Seeking Pattern of Irular Community at Pichavaram, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu.

Authors

  • Dharani Priya R Karpaga Vinayaga institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
  • Roseline Fatima William Karpaga Vinayaga institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
  • Thirunaaukarasu D Karpaga Vinayaga institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre
  • Geetha M

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26727/NJRCM.2021.10.3.054-060

Keywords:

Irular, Socioeconomic status, cultural beliefs, health seeking behaviour

Abstract

Background: The tribal communities remain at the lowest stratum of society – Though accorded special status under Indian Constitution their health remains unsatisfactory due to isolation, illiteracy and the environment in which they live. This study was conducted to present a holistic view of the socioeconomic status, living conditions, general customs, beliefs and practices and health seeking behaviour of the Irular community, at Pichavaram in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu. Methods: A - Mixed method study was performed using Focus Group Discussion, in-depth interviews, participatory observations (triangulation of methods) and a pre- tested semi structured questionnaire among the people of Irular community aged 13 to 70 years residing at Kalaignarnagar and Grid colony, Killai, Pichavaram during the month of October 2020. Results: The study was done among 250 participants with the mean age of 30.66±12.48. 11.6% of them have acquired education upto high school level, 7% upto higher secondary and 2.2% upto degree level. 55.6% of the families use LPG for cooking,69.1% boil water for drinking. 25.2% practice open air defecation. Association between menstrual hygiene and literacy of female participants is statistically significant. 55.6% utilize Government Hospital and 44.4% utilize Primary Health Centre services for healthcare. Conclusion: Our results identified a notable transition in the sociocultural patterns and a progress in the economic status of these Irulars due to fishing profession, self-help groups, literacy among younger generation and efforts of a private foundation. There is improved awareness related to menstrual hygiene and Maternal and child health practices. But the elder generation requires further motivation for increased health seeking behaviour.

Author Biographies

Roseline Fatima William, Karpaga Vinayaga institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Head Of the Department, Department of Community Medicine

Thirunaaukarasu D, Karpaga Vinayaga institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Geetha M

Professor, Department of Community Medicine

Published

2021-10-26

How to Cite

R, D. P., William, R. F., D, T., & M, G. (2021). A Holistic Study on Demographic, Sociocultural and Healthcare Seeking Pattern of Irular Community at Pichavaram, Cuddalore District, Tamilnadu. National Journal of Research in Community Medicine, 10(3), 54–60. https://doi.org/10.26727/NJRCM.2021.10.3.054-060

Issue

Section

Original Research Article